The purpose of the four exception is to simply the
input process by either reducing the number of codes representing a character or
by simplifying the breakdown of its shapes and the spotting of of the signs
inside the characters.
- Exception 1: Eight characters shapes are
exceptionably grouped and represented by 2 codes only:
character shapes & their condensed code :
instead of YROYG
- Exception 2: Virtual integration to form a unit is
automatically applied to
11 character shapes when they are located in a first unit position or second
unit position of three unit character. (They follow the normal rules when they
are in other position, i.e. : the second (last position in two unit
characters and the third position in three unit characters):
These 11 shapes are:
In the presence of an enclosing shape, the signs
on the outside, i.e., those forming the “enclosure”, are inputted instead
of the signs inside --that would have normally been inputted because of they
are in the last position. The effect of
this exception is to alter the usual sign selection rule of order
which stipulates that the signs situated “inside” must be considered after
those located “outside”.
An enclosing shape is a character shape that surrounds signs
on at least three sides. Basically "enclosing" shapes are limited in number to
the following patterns which we classify in two kinds:
Last sign M
should normally have been inputted (as last sign) but enclosing shape is chosen
- Exception 4: 15 groups of strokes are deemed especially difficult to break down into Signs.
So they have been exceptionally assigned a single code
f: they are all represented by the code-letter: X.
These "difficult-groups", (
X ), are treated as a single sign
and, as any other ordinary sign, they are inputted only when its place
within the character demands so, i.e., when there is an allocated code for
Each of these 6 shapes (in red) are always preceded by the same
The other nine difficult shapes are always preceded and followed
by the same signs.
Summary of step 8: The 4 exceptions are summarized above:
it si not possible to summarize them more.
I will soon put the necessary exercise here!
Now that we have done a complete tour of all the Cang
Jie Method we can briefly summarize it.